These preferential regimes/agreements provide for rules of origin that must be respected in order for exports to benefit from tariff preferences. In January 2005, the two sides formed a joint task force to assess the feasibility of a free trade agreement between the two countries. Over the next four years, the Joint Study Group reviewed existing trade between the two countries worth $7.1 billion and negotiated an agreement that respected the weaknesses and economic strengths of the two countries` markets. Rahul Khullar, India`s trade minister and member of the Joint Study Group, says such cooperation took place during discussions on the agricultural sector, which is particularly weak in South Korea but thrives in India.  India and Thailand have signed a protocol to implement the first reading programme as part of the India-Thailand Free Trade Agreement, which provides tariff preferences for imports of Early Harvest Scheme products only for products in compliance with the rules of origin notified by the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Finance, which provides for notification 101/2004-customs of 31.08.2004. India-Malaysia Comprehensive Agreement on Economic Cooperation (IMCECA) Countries with trade agreements with India benefit from reduced or no trade barriers, as well as a concession tariff regime. Some countries that do not have trade pacts with India are trying to take advantage of these benefits by shipping their products through India`s partner countries. Approved agencies that levy a fee that they charge provide services related to the issuance of the certificate of origin, including the terms and conditions relating to rules of origin, the list of items covered by an agreement, the level of tariff preference, verification and certification of eligibility. The Indian government and the Republic of Korea have signed the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) to liberalize and facilitate trade in goods and services and increase investment between countries. The Export Inspection Board is the only agency to issue certificates of origin under this agreement. This free trade agreement exists between India and Sri Lanka and offers tariff concessions to the governments of both countries. The Export Inspection Board is the only agency to issue certificates of origin under this agreement. India has free trade agreements with more than 30 countries, including Japan, South Korea and Singapore, and is negotiating trade agreements with the United States, Australia, Switzerland, Norway and Iceland.
These rules « apply to imports of products to India, where the importer applies for preferential law in the form of a trade agreement, » as indicated by the Customs Code (management of rules of origin under the trade agreement) 2020. The agreement for South Korea added to a large list of bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements established under Korean President Roh Moo-hyun.  With regard to India, the negotiations coincided with the Look East initiative of then-Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, which promised greater regional integration between India and East Asian markets.