The Agreements for Climate Change

The Paris Agreement and Other Global Agreements for Climate Change

In recent years, climate change has become one of the most pressing issues facing the world. With the continued emission of greenhouse gases and the resulting increase in global temperatures, the threat of catastrophic climate change has never been more real. In response to this threat, the international community has developed a series of agreements to address climate change and reduce the world`s carbon footprint. In this article, we will examine some of the key global agreements for climate change and their impact on the world.

The Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement is perhaps the most famous international agreement for climate change. It was adopted by 195 countries in 2015 and is aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and limiting global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius, with a target of 1.5 degrees Celsius. The agreement requires countries to set specific targets for reducing their greenhouse gas emissions and to report on their progress regularly.

One of the key features of the Paris Agreement is the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, which recognizes that developed countries have a greater historical responsibility for causing climate change and should therefore take more action to address it. However, all countries are expected to contribute to the global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The Paris Agreement has been widely praised for its ambitious goals and its ability to bring together countries with widely different economic and political systems to work towards a common goal. However, some critics have argued that the agreement does not go far enough and that more action is needed to address the threat of climate change.

The Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol was an earlier international agreement for climate change, adopted in 1997. Unlike the Paris Agreement, it was legally binding and required developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by an average of 5.2% below 1990 levels by 2012.

The Kyoto Protocol was criticized by some for not including developing countries, which were not required to reduce their emissions. However, it is widely considered to have been an important step towards addressing climate change and laid the groundwork for later agreements.

Other Agreements for Climate Change

In addition to the Paris Agreement and the Kyoto Protocol, there have been numerous other international agreements for climate change. The Copenhagen Accord, adopted in 2009, aimed to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius and included pledges from many countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. The Cancun Agreements, adopted in 2010, established a framework for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.

Some countries have also taken unilateral action to address climate change. For example, the European Union has implemented a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emissions, and many countries have implemented renewable energy targets.


The threat of climate change is real and urgent, and addressing it will require a global effort. The Paris Agreement and other international agreements for climate change represent important steps towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions and limiting global warming. While no single agreement can solve the problem of climate change on its own, by working together, the world can make real progress towards a more sustainable future.